Mentha Arvensis is obtained from steam distillation of Mentha arvensis leaves. It has high content L-Menthol content. Mentha Arvensis is a natural source of L-Menthol. It is grown in India, China and some parts of USA. India is the largest producer of Mentha Arvensis. Both mentha arvensis and Menthol are widely used in flavor and pharmaceutical industry.
Mentha Piperita, is obtained from steam distillation of Mentha Piperita leaves. It is also called as Black Peppermint oil because of its dark color leaves. Its major components are Menthofuran and L-Menthol. L-Menthol content is lower as compared to Mentha Arvensis.
Mentha spicata is obtained from steam distillation of Mentha Spicata leaves. Its major component is L-Carvone which gives spearmint its distinctive smell. Spearmint oil also contains significant amounts of limonene, dihydrocarvone and 1,8-cineol. Unlike peppermint oil, the oil of spearmint contains minimal amounts of menthol. Countries in which it is majorly grown are China, USA and India.
Basil is commonly used fresh in cooked recipes. In general, it is added at the last moment, as cooking quickly destroys the flavor. The fresh herb can be kept for a short time in plastic bags in the refrigerator, or for a longer period in the freezer, after being blanched quickly in boiling water. Basil is used for their medicinal properties in Ayurveda, the traditional medicinal system of India.